Torch Demountable 3 Slot 310-17


This is an exact match OEM replacement demountable quartz and is the standard torch for oil analyses.


Torch Body, 3 Slot, with alignment decal for PerkinElmer Optima 4300V/5300V/7300V






Torch Demountable 3 Slot 310-17
P/N: 310-17

Cross Reference(s)
Glass Expansion: 30-807-0064
Meinhard: ML131016
PerkinElmer: N0771500

Instrument Compatibility:
PerkinElmer Optima 4300V/5300V/7300V

Torch Detail:
This is an exact match OEM replacement demountable quartz torch for PerkinElmer Optima 4300V, 5300V and 7300V vertical ICP-OES instruments (N0771500). This torch has 3 slots, an alignment decal and is the standard torch for oil analyses. The torch does not include an injector or injector supports. Precision Glassblowing offers injectors of assorted sizes in both quartz and alumina.


What is the Role of the ICP Torch?

A plasma is an ionized gas, consisting of positively charged ions and free (unbound) electrons. The role of the plasma (ICP) in ICP-MS is to ionize the sample. In contrast to so-called ‘soft’ ionization sources in other forms of mass spectrometry, the ICP is a ‘hard’ ionization technique because it completely atomizes most molecules in the sample.

ICP-MS instruments use an argon plasma, although helium plasma is also an option. Although there are several advantages to using helium, argon is the gas of choice since the cost of helium is prohibitive.

What Makes the Torch Work?

Plasma forms at the end of three concentric quartz tubes, collectively known as the torch. Argon gas flows through all three tubes.

  • The inner tube is the injector and contains the sample aerosol in a stream of argon that delivers the sample to the plasma.
  • Concentric to this tube is another tube of argon. This is the auxiliary gas that forms the plasma.
  • The outer argon tube is a cooling layer to prevent the torch from melting.
  • The far end of the torch has a copper induction coil (or ‘load coil’) surrounding it that connects to a radio frequency (RF) generator.

How the ICP Torch Ionizes a Sample

The RF generator supplies power to the load coil, creating a high-frequency alternating current. This, in turn, induces a time-varying electromagnetic field in the torch. As a result, with argon gas flowing through the torch, the application of a high-voltage discharge (called a Tesla spark) ionizes a fraction of the argon atoms generating ions and electrons.

The electromagnetic field in the torch then acts on the ions and electrons. As a result, they accelerate and collide with other argon atoms. If these collisions impart enough energy, additional atoms ionize creating electrons and ions that propagate the cascade.

As a result, the movement of electrons and ions in the torch generates tremendous heat. The result is an ICP, which reaches a temperature of up to 10,000 Kelvin (hotter than the surface of the sun).

What Is PFA Inert?

PFA is frequently employed as an inert substance in sample equipment on geochemical or environmental analytical chemistry field sites to assist in avoiding trace amounts of metallic ion contamination.

Features of Torch Demountable 3 Slot 310-17.

Demountable Torch

The D-Torch is a robust and higher-performing alternative to both a single-piece and a semi-demountable quartz torch. The demountable design offers several benefits, including ease of maintenance, flexibility in configuration, and the ability to customize the torch setup for specific analytical requirements. Additionally, it allows for thorough cleaning and removal of any sample residues or contaminants that may accumulate during analysis.

3-Slot Torch

Three-slot torches are commonly for organic analysis in ICP optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). ICP-OES is a technique that uses plasma and a spectrometer to determine the composition of elements in samples.

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