Torch Body 3 Slot Organics 310-60/3SL


Torch Body, 3 Slot, Organics. demountable for PerkinElmer AVIO 200 / 500

Part No.: 310-60/3SL Categories: ,


Torch Body 3 Slot Organics 310-60/3SL
P/N: 310-60/3SL

Cross Reference(s)
PerkinElmer: N0790249, NO790131

Instrument Compatibility:
PerkinElmer AVIO 200 / 500

Torch Detail:
The 3-slot torch body is a demountable torch with three viewing slots. It is designed for organic matrices.

What is the Role of the ICP Torch?

A plasma is an ionized gas, consisting of positively charged ions and free (unbound) electrons. The role of the plasma (ICP) in ICP-MS is to ionize the sample. In contrast to so-called ‘soft’ ionization sources in other forms of mass spectrometry, the ICP is a ‘hard’ ionization technique because it completely atomizes most molecules in the sample.

ICP-MS instruments use an argon plasma, although helium plasma is also an option. Although there are several advantages to using helium, argon is the gas of choice since the cost of helium is prohibitive.

What Makes the Torch Work?

Plasma forms at the end of three concentric quartz tubes, collectively known as the torch. Argon gas flows through all three tubes.

  • The inner tube is the injector and contains the sample aerosol in a stream of argon that delivers the sample to the plasma.
  • Concentric to this tube is another tube of argon. This is the auxiliary gas that forms the plasma.
  • The outer argon tube is a cooling layer to prevent the torch from melting.
  • The far end of the torch has a copper induction coil (or ‘load coil’) surrounding it that connects to a radio frequency (RF) generator.

How the ICP Torch Ionizes a Sample

The RF generator supplies power to the load coil, creating a high-frequency alternating current. This, in turn, induces a time-varying electromagnetic field in the torch. As a result, with argon gas flowing through the torch, the application of a high-voltage discharge (called a Tesla spark) ionizes a fraction of the argon atoms generating ions and electrons.

The electromagnetic field in the torch then acts on the ions and electrons. As a result, they accelerate and collide with other argon atoms. If these collisions impart enough energy, additional atoms ionize creating electrons and ions that propagate the cascade.

As a result, the movement of electrons and ions in the torch generates tremendous heat. The result is an ICP, which reaches a temperature of up to 10,000 Kelvin (hotter than the surface of the sun).

What Is PFA Inert?

PFA is frequently employed as an inert substance in sample equipment on geochemical or environmental analytical chemistry field sites to assist in avoiding trace amounts of metallic ion contamination.

Features of Torch Body 3 Slot Organics 310-60/3SL.


In an ICP torch, organics refers to non-water-soluble organic solvents. ICP-OES instruments can analyze organic solvents directly, without dilution, at room temperature. As a result, this simplifies the analysis of petrochemical samples, since many dissolve in solvents like kerosene, xylene, methanol, or ethanol.

3-Slot Torch

Three-slot torches are commonly for organic analysis in ICP optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). ICP-OES is a technique that uses plasma and a spectrometer to determine the composition of elements in samples.

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